Archivo de la etiqueta: Argentina


Colombiabus newsroom – William Marroquín


A series of accidents that occurred in long-distance buses on roads in Argentina, were the trigger to consider several aspects that could be negatively affecting road accidents. One of them had to do with the shifts at the wheel and the rest days of the drivers. This was an issue that was also put on the table by one of the country’s unions, which denounced an alleged overexploitation of drivers, with vehicles that could be being operated without the professionals of the steering wheel resting and recovering.

In Argentina, drivers have a workbook, where an entry time is recorded with which the trip begins, although there are some discrepancies and gaps between what is proposed by the National Commission for Transport Regulation (CNRT) and the Ministry of Labor of the country. The former raises 16 hours of driving for two drivers, while the latter raises 12 hours behind the wheel for two operators. Naturally, the last word and the power to control (or prohibit) is the Ministry, which also indicates that long distance motorists can operate a maximum of 192 hours per month.

Regarding breaks, there are also differences, as the CNRT establishes a minimum of 10 hours after completing the hours behind the wheel, and the Ministry establishes twelve. The workbook has been known since the mid-seventies in Argentina, and it is a book that records the hours worked, breaks, surcharges, among others. Unfortunately, due to its manual nature, this document can be used for alterations, erroneous completion and other practices that can affect both the recognition of drivers’ hours and the control of breaks.

Some units at the end of 2019 began to implement devices that would replace this printed document and in 2020 an articulated work was being developed between the CNRT, the Ministry of Labor and the University of Rosario, which has led to the prototypes and the start of the pilot tests to replace the classic notebook with a digital system, unique for each bus.

The new technology will prevent the adulteration of rest schedules, thus avoiding manipulation in the current paper notebook. It also has the possibility of implementing other functionalities such as fatigue detector, fire control, accelerometer, speedometer, cockpit cameras and panic button, contactless card reader. Likewise, it will allow the application of digital unit maintenance controls: tire and oil pressure, fuel consumption, water temperature, among others.

The trial period with the pilot began on June 1 and will last for 60 days. The companies Águila Dorada, Flechabus, Plusmar, Vía Bariloche and Andesmar will participate in it. In this instance, connectivity will be evaluated by sending five units to different parts of the country. This stage will end according to the progress of data collection, which will then serve as the basis for a second stage of implementation.

The CNRT will be in charge of supervising the data in the new book and the national Ministry of Labor will be in charge of regulating the hours of the operators.


Redacción Colombiabus – William Marroquín


Una serie de accidentes que se presentaron en autobuses de larga distancia en carreteras de Argentina, fueron el detonante para plantearse varios aspectos que podrían estar incidiendo negativamente en los siniestros viales. Uno de ellos, tenía que ver con los turnos al volante y las jornadas de descanso de los conductores. Este fue un tema que también puso en la mesa uno de los gremios del país, que denunciaba una presunta sobreexplotación de conductores, con vehículos que podían estar siendo operados sin que los profesionales del volante descansaran y se recuperaran.

En Argentina los conductores cuentan con una libreta de trabajo, donde se registra un horario de entrada con el que se inicia el viaje, aunque existen algunas discrepancias y vacíos entre lo que propone la Comisión Nacional para la Regulación del Transporte (CNRT) y el Ministerio de Trabajo del país. El primero plantea 16 horas de manejo en dos conductores, mientras que el segundo plantea 12 horas al volante para dos operadores. Naturalmente la última palabra y la potestad para controlar (o prohibir) es el Ministerio, que además indica que los motoristas de larga distancia pueden operar un máximo de 192 horas mensuales.

Respecto a los descansos también existen diferencias, pues la CNRT establece 10 horas mínimo después de completar las horas al volante, y el Ministerio establece doce. La libreta de trabajo se conoce desde mediados de la década de los setenta en Argentina, y es un libro donde se consignan las horas laboradas, los descansos, los recargos, entre otras. Infortunadamente, este documento por su manualidad se puede prestar para alteraciones, diligenciamientos errados y otras prácticas que pueden afectar tanto el reconocimiento de las horas de los conductores, como el control de los descansos.

Algunas unidades a finales de 2019, empezaron a implementar dispositivos que reemplazaran ese documento impreso y en 2020 se estuvo desarrollando un trabajo articulado entre la CNRT, el Ministerio de Trabajo y la Universidad de Rosario, que ha derivado en los prototipos y el inicio de las pruebas piloto para sustituir la clásica libreta por un sistema digital, único para cada autobús.

La nueva tecnología impedirá la adulteración de los horarios de descanso, evitando así la manipulación en la actual libreta de papel. También cuenta con la posibilidad de implementar otras funcionalidades como detector de fatiga, control de incendios, acelerómetro, velocímetro, cámaras en cabina y botón de pánico, lector de tarjeta sin contacto. Asimismo, permitirá aplicar controles digitales de mantenimiento de la unidad: presión de neumáticos y aceite, consumos de combustible, temperatura de agua, entre otros.

El periodo de prueba con el piloto, inició el 1 de junio y tendrá una duración de 60 días. En el participarán las compañías Águila Dorada, Flechabus, Plusmar, Vía Bariloche y Andesmar. En esta instancia se evaluará la conectividad enviando cinco unidades a distintos puntos del país. Dicha etapa finalizará de acuerdo con el avance de la recolección de datos, que luego servirán de base para una segunda etapa de implementación.

La CNRT se encargará de fiscalizar los datos de la nueva libreta y el Ministerio de Trabajo nacional, tendrá a cargo la regulación del horario de los operadores.


Colombiabus Newsroom – Portal Movilidad


Higer Bus is one of the main Chinese bus builders and was established in 1998, it belongs to the same business group that owns the King Long and Golden Dragon brands, being capable of producing about 35,000 buses per year of all technologies (diesel, gas, electrical and fuel cell). Likewise, it has maintained the alliance with Scania with which they manufacture 10,000 vehicles per year.

This alliance continues to consolidate and is now taking another step with the Azure line, designed with technical support from Scania, with 100% electric technology, concentrating for the moment on the Brazilian market. Although they are preparing the development to have the version powered by hydrogen. Currently, the Chinese firm has electric models that range up to 18 meters and with developments in the Latin American nation of 23-meter bi-articulated and 15-meter standards with double rear axles.

However, they recognize that they have a disadvantage compared to other Chinese brands such as BYD, Yutong and even their King Long cousins, who have taken steps in Latin America not only with electric vehicles. «We are a bit behind in Latin America, our introductory force today is Brazil, which has a very fast absorption capacity and good prospects for the next few years,» said Marcello Barella, Higer’s Director for South America.

The idea is to participate in the fleet renewal plan of the city of Sao Pablo, which by 2034 estimates a replacement of 1,200 buses per year. They also hope to participate in electromobility projects in countries such as Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru, although it will depend on alliances with energy providers such as Enel or Engie, which are the main investors.

“In the case of Transmilenio, we talk a lot with companies, but the problem in South America is not the type or what brand, it is financing. Without an investment group that accompanies the manufacturers, it is very difficult to enter the markets», Barella mentioned to Portal Movilidad.


Colombiabus Newsroom – Ecos 365 / William Marroquín


From an undertaking that had its origins in 1999 in Argentina, with the MCM company, dedicated to distributing auto parts to the current Saldivia Buses, a path has been traveled to build vehicles that transport much more than passengers, in which more than 50,000 people are transported daily, with a portfolio that includes from midibuses with a vehicular weight close to 9 tons, to double-decker buses.

In 2020 despite the pandemic, its Aries 365 road model gave much to talk about due to its advances in design and comfort, as well as the ability to adapt to a trend that has been growing in Argentina where operators are switching to single-deck buses and large passenger and cargo capacity, but without the costs of double-decker buses. This was also reinforced in the alliance with Volvo Buses, whose B450R served as a platform to present that configuration for long distances in a single tier.

An investment of close to 9 million dollars to refurbish its plant, incorporate machinery and modernize its production processes, has been the basis for presenting new luxury road buses to the market, which have been gaining acceptance both in Argentina and abroad. They were able to resist the inactivity caused by the pandemic and the confinement measures, to resume exports to Chile and negotiate the disembarkation in other countries of the region. Saldivia had managed to leave his country, moving to his neighbors, where there was a good demand for road buses for both medium and long routes, as well as for the transport of mining personnel.

«That previously implied carrying out a market study on the needs that existed, designing the model, putting together an entire after-sales structure in Chile, standardizing products and carrying out a commercial deployment abroad,» said Adrián Saldivia, who leads the company. For that market, they have already managed to close the sale of the first four units and expect that at least 20 buses of the brand will roll in 2021.

The models with which they are arriving are the Aries 345 and 365, which stand out for their high level of safety, driving aids and a high level of comfort. Being able to equip them with all the options for a high-level trip with refrigerators, chromatherapy, wide seats and maximum recline, air conditioning and more separation between passengers and cabin.

Thanks to the arrival in Chile, opportunities have opened up for Peru and Ecuador, in addition to negotiating to start selling buses in Uruguay. It is a key issue, since currently more than 90% of production is destined for the domestic market. «We made a significant investment in technology, tools, tooling, welding machinery, laser cutting, bending machines, among other equipment to achieve the necessary quality to be able to compete abroad. The idea is to consolidate abroad and continue to modernize our fleet” said Saldivia.


Colombiabus Newsroom – El Expreso TV


Metalsur Carrocerías is an Argentine manufacturer that began activities in 1989, thanks to the efforts of engineer Miguel Maestú, who managed with a lot of work to make his company go from being a family organization to one with international projection in the manufacture of bus bodies.

From its facilities in Villa Gobernador Gálvez, in the Rosario city of Santa Fé, with an area of ​​85,000 square meters, it has developed models of pleasant remembrance. Among them, we can mention the Zeppelin, which reminds us of the mythical COX2000 «Coche Bala» that Autobuses Olímpica developed in our country, or the different evolutions of its Starbus road model that roll in Argentina in single and double-decker configurations.

In 2012, Metalpar from Chile and Marcopolo arrived to join the Argentine builder, with a view to making it the largest manufacturer of its kind in the country, with models that gave it its own distinctive personality. In 2019, the Brazilian giant increases the bet and makes an acquisition for an additional 49%, keeping the shares of the Maestú family that founded the company and assuming control of Metalsur’s destinations, having 70% of its ownership.

Now comes one of the most important transformations of the company in its history, because thanks to a visit from the Argentine Ambassador to Brazil, Daniel Scioli, details of a Marcopolo project to manufacture road buses at the Santa Fe facilities were revealed, where until now they served the Torino urban line.

The diplomat met with Marcopolo CEO James Bellini, where an investment of close to 20 million dollars was announced in Argentina and the increase in Metalsur’s staff, which will go from 600 to 1,000 employees. Additionally, they will seek to increase the local integration of suppliers to reach 90% as of the second half of 2021 and as a noteworthy fact, the Santa Fe plant would be the first outside of Brazil to manufacture Paradiso model double-decker buses.

Another important fact after this investment is that the Metalsur name ceases to exist, and will be renamed Marcopolo Argentina.


Redacción Colombiabus – Ecos 365 / William Marroquín


De un emprendimiento que tuvo sus orígenes en 1999 en Argentina, con la empresa MCM, dedicada a distribuir autopartes a la actual Saldivia Buses, se ha recorrido un camino para construir vehículos que transporten mucho más que pasajeros, en los cuales se transportan más de 50.000 personas diariamente, con un portafolio que incluye desde los midibuses con un peso vehicular cercano a las 9 toneladas, hasta los buses dos pisos.

En 2020 pese a la pandemia, su modelo de carretera Aries 365 dio mucho de qué hablar por sus avances en diseño y confort, así como la capacidad para adaptarse a una tendencia que viene creciendo en Argentina donde los operadores están pasándose a buses de un piso y gran capacidad tanto de pasajeros como de carga, pero sin los costos de los autobuses de dos plantas. Esto también se reforzó en la alianza con Volvo Buses, cuyo B450R sirvió de plataforma para presentar esa configuración para largas distancias en un solo nivel.

Una inversión cercana a los 9 millones de dólares para readecuar su planta, incorporar maquinaria y modernizar sus procesos productivos,  ha sido la base para presentar al mercado nuevos buses de lujo para carretera, que vienen ganando aceptación tanto en Argentina como al exterior. Pudieron resistir la inactividad que significó la pandemia y las medidas de confinamiento, para retomar las exportaciones a Chile y negocian el desembarco en otros países de la región. Saldivia había logrado salir de su país, moviéndose a donde sus vecinos, donde existía una buena demanda de buses de carretera tanto para rutas medias y largas, como para transporte de personal en minería.

“Eso implicó previamente hacer un estudio de mercado sobre las necesidades que había, diseñar el modelo, armar toda una estructura de postventa en Chile, homologar productos y realizar todo un despliegue comercial en el exterior” Indicó Adrián Saldivia, quien conduce la compañía. Para ese mercado ya lograron cerrar la venta de las primeras cuatro unidades y esperan que en 2021 rueden por lo menos 20 autobuses de la marca.

Los modelos con los que están llegando son los Aries 345 y 365, que se destacan por su alto nivel de seguridad, las ayudas a la conducción y un alto nivel de confort. Pudiendo equiparlos con todas las opciones para un viaje de gran nivel con neveras, cromaterapia, asientos de gran anchura y máxima reclinación, climatización y más separación entre pasajeros y cabina.  

Gracias a la llegada a Chile, se han abierto posibilidades para Perú y Ecuador, además de estar negociando para empezar a vender autobuses en Uruguay. Es un tema clave, puesto que actualmente más del 90% de la producción se destina al mercado interno. «Nosotros hicimos una inversión importante en tecnología, herramientas, matricería, maquinaria para soldadura, cortes láser, dobladoras, entre otros equipos para alcanzar la calidad necesaria para poder competir en el exterior. La idea es consolidarnos afuera y seguir modernizando nuestra flota”, expresó Saldivia.


Colombiabus Newsroom


Although Toyota had already introduced the HiAce light utility vehicle in delivery van versions nearly two years ago, this launch of the Wagon and Commuter versions marks the entry into the commercial passenger vehicle segment in Argentina for the Japanese brand, with a van that is imported from Japan, but for which there are plans to produce it in the country, at the Zárate plant (Buenos Aires province) where the Hilux pick-up, leader in sales in the country, was also built.

Two versions that share the same engine, but with an eye on two different segments and models: The Wagon with shorter dimensions and a more luxurious equipment for 9 passengers, which will face the Mercedes-Benz Vito and the Hyundai H100; It is designed for the transport of executives, clubs, diplomats and artists. For its part, the Commuter will be able to transport up to 13 passengers and will seek to compete with the Mercedes-Benz Sprinter and the Renault Master, targeting the transport of excursions, business and charters in short distances.

To achieve economies of scale and facilitate the aftermarket, both versions will feature the engine and transmission used in the Toyota Hilux. The 1GD engine of the Japanese brand with 2.8 liters of displacement, but with a different electronic map looking for fuel economy; that’s why the powerplant delivers 163HP at 3,600rpm and 420Nm of torque between 1,600 and 2,200 engine turns. Power is delivered to the wheels via a six-speed torque converter automatic transmission.

Considering that they are oriented to different segments, although they share the same mechanics, the dimensions and equipment are different. The Commuter has a length of 5,915 mm and the Wagon 5,300 mm, in addition to the finishes of the former that are more functional and for a more demanding job. For its part, the second option offers seats upholstered in leather and electrically adjustable (in the second row).

In both versions, the driver’s position has a height and depth adjustable steering wheel and a height adjustable seat with longitudinal adjustment and backrest recline. It is worth noting the very good wide field of vision and the angular-turning exterior mirrors that improve rear vision. Additionally, they incorporate 6 USB ports to recharge devices.

Toyota will seek to test the acceptance of the vehicle not only in Argentina, but also throughout Latin America. Initially it was imported from Japan, but in the future the idea is to produce the HiAce in Argentina, where the Hilux and SW4 are already manufactured. Countries like Chile, Peru and others in Central America sell the van and that is why it is considered that the assembly project in South America can be successful.